Fraunhofer is a large non-profit organization with 22 thousand employees at 60 institutes mostly in Germany doing applied research and development. “You name it, Fraunhofer probably does it”. In San Jose, Fraunhofer has an office catering to the Silicon Valley companies like Google, Apple etc. For example, they open sourced AAC into Android, enabling Jelly Bean and higher to have the highest audio quality at the lowest bitrate. And for example AAC-ELD is in Apple FaceTime for low latency real-time audio (and/or video) communications.